Community colleges first came on the scene in the 1970s during the major academic thrust. Students went to community college to explore their options in their field of study or to pursue a trade. For many community colleges, the idea was to prepare students to take jobs in the real world. Educating students to handle the typical tasks of running a business, working a trade or teaching children was the main goal for a student of a community college.
For many students, community college offered opportunities to learn the hands-on activities they needed to be a success in their chosen occupation. The concept of the community college didn't come into play until the 1970s when the junior college concept proved unattractive to college-bound students.
The Normal school is the forerunner of the junior college. It had its origins in the 1850s and was mainly utilized for teachers to learn middle-class values and help their students develop as responsible citizens. The concept faded as the junior colleges made their appearance in 1901. It is interesting to note that the junior college was considered a bridge between secondary education and college.